The many aspects of collaboration

One way of thinking about collaboration, then, is to look at the three P’s: Potential, Process, and Practice.

Potential, the first P, means that by working with other people and groups, something greater can happen than if the participants worked separately.

Process, the second P, is about the processes or patterns through which people work together.

Practice, the third P, is the human practices of collaboration. In order for people to work with other people, there needs to be a fundamental set of collaborative practices at play. 

I said all three need to be in place. If not, here’s what happens:

- Potential, Process, NO Practice - the people irritate each other and can’t get anything done.

- Potential, NO Process, Practice - the people don’t have a common way of working together.

- NO Potential, Process, Practice - the people are ready and able, but there’s no reason for working with others. Doing so would waste organizational resources.

- Michael Sampson


Do What You’re Told Work…Each person has a specified job to complete…People work alone on their own task. A supervisor ensures compliance with the process definition, and can dish out punishments for non-compliance or rewards for super-productivity.

Cooperation…multiple people work together on the same component at the same time. They have to coordinate what they do

Delegated Collaboration…the same production line, except there is no separate process designer. The assembly line workers both plan how to do the work and carry out the plans together

Creative Collaboration…the same production line, except the definition of the products produced require interaction with the end customer, to understand their needs and goals, with prototypes developed and created by the production team to explore solution fit.

…the outcome is…not imposed, because the understanding of the outcome changes and morphs as the problem is explored.

- Michael Sampson


The Collaborative Bakery

Cooperation as drum circle, Collaboration as orchestra

Networks, Collaboration, Cooperation and silos

Its not the same thing – the 3 types of collaboration

Collaboration - Spoon, Fork, Knife

Habits and attitudes that impede collaboration

Some are uncomfortable about this collaboration thing

What does ‘social collaboration’ mean?

Collaboration types

The difference between teams and collaboration

Collaboration (creating something new), Coordination (teamwork in implementation), Cooperation (support each others goals)

  1. johntropea posted this